Market Transformation for Highly Efficient Biomass Stoves for Institutions and Medium-Scale Enterprises in Kenya (Atlas 00051657)
By Charles Gitundu
The project aims to promote use of Energy Saving Cook-stoves for institutions and SME’s. These stoves increase the efficiency of biomass used for cooking by up to 70%. The project also provides free tree seedlings to institutions that purchase the stoves. In two years, the institutions are able to save enough from energy consumption to cater for the cost of the cook stoves purchased. The uptake of the stoves has especially been high in secondary schools and primary boarding schools and colleges. The project has a budget of USD 1,000,000 for the entire project period 2008-2010. The start date was 22nd February 2007 and the envisaged end date 31st December 2010.
The project is being implemented to achieve UNDAF outcome 3.2 for the period 2009 – 2013 and CPAP 2004-2008. UNDAF outcome 3.2 seeks to enhance environmental management for economic growth with equitable access to energy services and response to climate change. The project supports MDG No 7 on environmental sustainability and multilateral agreement stated in Country Program Action Plan (CPAP) and also national priorities or frameworks i.e. Vision 2030/NEAP 2009/Law/Policy/Plan/strategy as per the Sessional Paper on Energy 2004-2023.
Situation analysis and justification:
Past initiatives by the government, NGOs and the private sector have demonstrated that improved institutional stoves reduce greenhouse gas emissions through (a) improved efficiency, meaning that only 70% wood is required for the same cooking task (b) reduced emissions of products of incomplete combustion which have higher global warming potentials than CO2. These has also been demonstrated when the stoves are introduced together with a sustainably managed woodlot, the cycle becomes closed and therefore 100% renewable. These initiatives have shown the potential of the market and piloted successful business models using well-proven commercial technologies. However, policy, technological, financial, management skills, awareness and other interrelated market barriers combine to restrict the self-sustaining growth of this market.
Planned and/or realized project outputs
The project is expected to increase the number of urban and rural communities trained and having access to energy efficient biomass technology.
· Carry out baseline surveys/situation analysis for stove installation and woodlot/nursery establishment
· Identify potential entrepreneurs for regional nurseries and stove production
· Provide training and capacity building for nursery establishment and management and stove production and marketing
· Install energy saving stoves in schools and Small and Medium Enterprises
· Train all the kitchen staff in the schools in Biomass Energy saving techniques
· Supply seedlings to schools and SMEs , and train them in woodlot planting and management
· Organise consultative (public/private and inter-ministerial) forums on policy issues pertaining to Biomass Energy.
· Publication of policy briefs
· Create awareness in biomass energy matters for policy makers, the financial sector, suppliers and end users for sustainable market driven growth in the production of stoves and tree propagation.
· Link institutions to financing by developing the Green Capital Ltd (a Renewable Energy Focused Micro Finance Institution).
· Injection of USD 975,000 in quarterly trances by GEF through UNDP for four years
· Complimentary funding in kind by other partners that include the Kenya Government through The Ministry of Energy, Tree Biotechnology Trust Program (TBTP), Rural Technology Enterprises (RTE) and end users of the products.
· Wood fuel consumption rates and patterns and factors influencing such patterns established.
· Per capita greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction known and the avoided deforestation when a school switches from traditional to improved stoves established.
· Models developed for estimating biomass growth and carbon sequestration potential for eucalyptus tree woodlots established.
· Tree survival rates for Woodlots in Central Province have been determined.
· Indoor air quality improvements associated with the replacement of traditional stoves with improved models in schools have been determined with CO and PM10 as the indicators
· Brought together 30 stove makers from across the country to launch the Kenya Improved Stoves Association
· Produced a Policy Brief for the National Environment Policy Development and submitted it to the drafting secretariat.
· More than 600 stoves have been produced and installed by Rural Technology Enterprises Ltd in 400 institutions countrywide under the project.
· Delivered and planted more than 300,000 trees in schools which had procured stoves
· Supported 3 nursery entrepreneurs from Western and Central provinces to attend training.
· Established a national Tree Propagators Association.
Demonstration of tree seedlings at a national Head teachers’ conference
Further reading/References/internet links: www.retap-africa.org,
Contacts: The National Project Manager, Renewable Energy Technology Assistance Programme, P.O. Box 28201-00200, Email:
, Tel; 4454306/2033867/3545974, Nairobi Kenya.
Foulata Kwena, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), P.O. Box 30218, 00100, Email:
, Tel: +254-020-7624447, Nairobi Kenya.